Urinary incontinence:

  • Leakage of urine beyond one’s control.

(CLICK HERE to view a description for urinary incontinence.)

Stress incontinence:

  • Involuntary loss of urine during activities such as laughing, coughing, sneezing, lifting, exercise, etc.

(CLICK HERE to view a description for stress urinary incontinence.)

Urge incontinence:

  • (Overactive Bladder): An involuntary loss of urine preceded by a strong urge to urinate.

(CLICK HERE to view a description for urinary urge incontinence.)

Mixed Incontinence:

  • A mixture of stress incontinence and urge incontinence.

Urinary Urgency:

  • A strong need to immediately urinate.

Urinary Frequency:

  • Urinating more than every 2 hours or more than 8 times a day.


  • Painful urination.


  • Getting up to urinate more than once during the night.


  • An opening between the bladder and vagina or rectum and vagina which leads to leakage of urine or passage of stool vaginally.

Voiding Dysfunction:

  • Slowing of urinary stream and having difficulty emptying one’s bladder. May be caused by prolapse.

Urinary Retention:

  • Unable to start a urinary stream and retaining a large volume of urine in the bladder. May be caused by prolapse.

Fecal Incontinence:

  • Uncontrolled loss of gas or fecal material.


  • Infrequent bowel movements, excessive straining to have bowel movements, passage of small and/or hard stool. Sometimes fingers are placed inside the vagina or on the space between the vagina and anus to aid with bowel movements.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse:

  • Displacement, falling, or sagging of uterus or vaginal walls.


  • Displacement of the bladder into vagina.

(CLICK HERE to view a description of a cystocele.)


  • Displacement of the rectum into vagina.

(CLICK HERE to view a description of a rectocele.)


  • Displacement of the small intestine into space between rectum and vagina.

Uterovaginal Prolapse:

  • Falling of the uterus into the vagina and beyond the vaginal opening.

(CLICK HERE to view a description of uterine prolapse.)

Vaginal vault prolapse:

  • Displacement of the top of the vagina.

 (CLICK HERE for a description of vault prolapse.)